A girl pausing on a bridge to think about what level she has reached according to CEFR - common European framework of reference for languages

CEFR – Common European Framework of Reference for Languages

IA Sprog follows the official standard when testing and assessing your Danish skills.

When you learn Danish at IA Sprog, you will be assisted by our teachers and counselors, who will be constantly monitoring your level of progression. We know that your path to the Danish language can take several years and lead you to several different language schools. Therefore, we follow the European standard for assessing linguistic levels. In this way, we can help you get an overview of the Danish level you have reached.  This standard is also called CEFR.

What is CEFR?

CEFR stands for Common European Framework of Reference for Languages. It is a recognized system for assessing language levels, developed by the Council of Europe and used to define foreign language learning throughout the world. If you are a real language geek – or just curious – you can read more about CEFR here.  IA Sprog also has a CEFR self-evaluation guide, where you can, in a few minutes, form a fairly accurate picture of your own level.

Description of Level 1 to 5 

Provided below is a description of the 5 levels we work with at IA Sprog. When you complete a Danish course with us, you will receive a diploma so that you can document your Danish language CEFR level.

CEFR 1 Level 1 – CEFR A1


You will have reached this level, when you have passed our level 1 test.

At this level you can:

– understand familiar words and very basic phrases concerning yourself, your family and immediate concrete surroundings when people speak slowly and clearly.

– understand familiar names, words and very simple sentences, for example on notices and posters or in catalogues.

– interact in a simple way provided the other person is prepared to repeat or rephrase things at a slower rate of speech and help you formulate what you’re trying to say. You can ask and answer simple questions in areas of immediate need or on very familiar topics.

– use simple phrases and sentences to describe where you live and people you know.

– write a short, simple postcard, for example sending holiday greetings. You can fill in forms with personal details, for example entering your name, nationality and address on a hotel registration form.

CEFR2 Level 2 – CEFR: A2


You will have reached this level, when you have passed our level 2 test.

At this level you can:


– understand phrases and the highest frequency vocabulary related to areas of most immediate personal relevance (e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local area, employment). You can catch the main point in short, clear, simple messages and announcements.

– read very short, simple texts. You can find specific, predictable information in simple everyday material such as advertisements, prospectuses, menus and timetables and you can understand short simple personal letters.

– communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar topics and activities. You can handle very short social exchanges, even though you can’t usually understand enough to keep the conversation going yourself.

– use a series of phrases and sentences to describe in simple terms your family and other people, living conditions, your educational background and your present or most recent job.

– write short, simple notes and messages. You can write a very simple personal letter, for example thanking someone for something.

CEFR3 Level 3 – CEFR: A2/B1


You will have reached this level, when you have passed our level 3 test.

At this level you can:

– understand large sections of content when it comes to everyday topics such as work, school, leisure, etc., in language that is clear and precise.

Understand portions of texts that are written in everyday language or relate to your work. You can to some extent understand the content of personal letters in which the sender describes his experiences, feelings and desires clearly and precisely.

– manage some situations that might arise when traveling in countries or areas where Danish is spoken. With a little preparation, you can hold a conversation about topics of personal interest or general, everyday topics such as family, leisure, work, travel and current events.

– use expressions and phrases to describe experiences, your dreams, hopes and expectations. You can tell a story, give a summary of a book or a movie.

– write a simple text about everyday themes or topics that interest you personally.

CEFR4 Level 4 – CEFR: B1


You will have reached this level, when you have passed our level 4 test.

At this level you can:

– understand the main points of clear standard speech on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc. You can understand the main point of many radio or TV programmes on current affairs or topics of personal or professional interest when the delivery is relatively slow and clear.

– understand texts that consist mainly of high frequency everyday or job-related language. You can understand the description of events, feelings and wishes in personal letters.


– can deal with most situations likely to arise whilst travelling in an area where the language is spoken. You can enter unprepared into conversation on topics that are familiar, of personal interest or pertinent to everyday life (e.g. family, hobbies, work, travel and current events).

– connect phrases in a simple way in order to describe experiences and events, your dreams, hopes and ambitions. You can briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans. You can narrate a story or relate the plot of a book or film and describe your reactions.

– write simple connected text on topics which are familiar or of personal interest. You can write personal letters describing experiences and impressions.

CEFR5 Level 5 – CEFR: B2


You will have reached this level, when you have passed our level 5 test.

At this level you can:

– understand extended speech and lectures and follow even complex lines of argument provided the topic is reasonably familiar. You can understand most TV news and current affairs programmes. You can understand the majority of films in standard dialect.

– read articles and reports concerned with contemporary problems in which the writers adopt

particular attitudes or viewpoints. You can understand contemporary literary prose.

– interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible. You can take an active part in discussion in familiar contexts, accounting for and sustaining your views.

– present clear, detailed descriptions on a wide range of subjects related to your field of interest. You can explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options.

– write clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects related to your interests. You can write an essay or report, passing on information or giving reasons in support of or against a particular point of view. You can write letters highlighting the personal significance of events and experiences.